vitex rotundifolia uses

HN, 2016. In Hawaii, USA, V. rotundifolia occurs to elevations of 15 m (Wagner et al. The species has been evaluated at the arboretum of North Carolina State University since 1978 (Olsen and Bell, 2005) and has been planted in gardens inland (Whitten 4072b, FLAS; Hauser et. used inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) fingerprinting to study genetic diversity and clonal variation in 14 populations along the China coast. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Chasteberry, also known as Vitex agnus-castus, is the fruit of the chaste tree, which is native to western Asia and southwestern Europe . Vitex rotundifolia L.f. LAMIACEAE. Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. In 2001, V. rotundifolia was first vouchered as naturalized in the USA, from Georgetown County, South Carolina (Hauser et al., 2009). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2015. Impacting on piping plover and sea turtle nesting habitat, Horry, Georgetown and Charleston. http://www.qld.gov.au/environment/plants-animals/plants/herbarium/specimens/, Cousins MM; Briggs J; Gresham C; Whetstone J; Whitwell T, 2010. Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex, Pohinahina); flowers and fruit. Potential Invaders of Non-native, Invasive Plants in Delaware. http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/bf8f1_Vitex.rotundifolia.NYS.pdf, Gresham CA, 2015. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Linnaeus, C. von filius (1782) Supplementum Plantarum: 294. Although there's a lack of large-scale clinical trials testing the effects of vitex, some research suggests that the herb may protect against certain health conditions. Crataegus. dan ye man jing in language. Queensland Herbarium. November, 2006. Log In Join Now. Inflammation, 35(2):584-593. The study involved 60 women, ages 18 to 44., In a research review published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine in 2009, scientists found some evidence that vitex may alleviate menopausal symptoms. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Approximately 76% of the fruits have been found to contain at least one viable seed, and individual fruits have an average of 1.25 viable seeds (Cousins et al., 2010b; Murren et al.. 2014). Second Edition. Invasive Plant Science and Management, 3(3):327-333. http://www.wssa.net, Cousins MM; Gresham CA; Riley MB; Whitwell T, 2009. Nelson G, 1996. Plumeria Frangipani. Palm redwaxing. In Japan, it is used to alleviate headaches. Beach Morning Glory . Vitex (Vitex agnus-castus) is a plant used in herbal medicine. Population genetic structure of the medicinal plant Vitex rotundifolia in China: implications for its use and conservation. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Florida Museum of Natural History, 2015. Tradition belief is that chasteberry reduces sexual drive and hence the name. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. simplicifolia Chamisso, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Papohaku, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native plants. 3 (3), 327-333. http://www.wssa.net DOI:10.1614/IPSM-D-09-00062.1, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. http://leg1.state.va.us/000/reg/TOC02005.HTM#C0316. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Online Database. In southeastern USA, V. rotundifolia flowers from late spring through to summer, and fruits in late summer through to early autumn. New York Non-Native Plant Invasiveness Ranking Form - Vitex rotundifolia. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, Pueraria Mirifica: Uses for Women's Health, Vitex agnus-castus Extracts for Female Reproductive Disorders: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials, Efficacy and Safety of Vitex agnus-castus Extract for Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome in Japanese Patients: A Prospective, Open-label Study, Vitex agnus-castus (Chaste-Tree/Berry) in the treatment of menopause-related complaints, Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of Fertilityblend: a nutritional supplement for improving fertility in women, Vitex agnus castus: a systematic review of adverse events, Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know. . In alternative medicine, vitex is frequently used in treatment of the following issues:. Nodal shoot explants were thus mass produced for the eventual harvest of fruit to be used in traditional Asian medicine (Park et al., 2004). Micro propagation methods have been developed for the mass production of explants to be used in commercial cultivation aimed at growing fruits for traditional Asian medicine (Park et al., 2004). Primary dispersal of V. rotundifolia is naturally by ocean currents and intentionally by humans.Natural Dispersal. The Arboretum of North Carolina State University, USA, originally recommended V. rotundifolia to the nursery industry where it became available in southeastern USA during the mid to late 1980s. http://www.northinlet.sc.edu/beachvitex/media/bv_risk_assessment.pdf, Wunderlin RP; Hansen BF, 2015. Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology, 15(1):57-68. Population genetic structure of the medicinal plant Vitex rotundifolia in China: implications for its use and conservation. Ono M, Yanaka T, Yamamoto M, et al. Lorenzi H; Bacher L; Lacerda M; Sartori S, 2006. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: Plant Industry Division - Plant Protection Section. Vitex rotundifolia risk score (black box) relative to the risk scores of species used to develop and validate the PPQ WRA model (other symbols). Type: Japan, Thunberg s.n. Strongly upright and branching, Vitex agnus-castus and Vitex negundo are easily distinguished from V. rotundifolia with its prostrate, running, and rooting branches. University of West Florida, 2015. . National Herbarium Nederland - Naturalis. [Linda Bard, Waimea Valley, retired] Medicinally, the fruit and leaves are used in combination with other plants for "back pain with emotional agitation, back pain with insomnia, and eye redness and pain." Planta Medica. BO, 2016. Leaves mostly 1-foliolate, rarely a few 2- or 3- 5-7 (-9) foliolate, sessile or with short petioles. According to Hu et al. 3 (3), 340-345. http://www.wssa.net DOI:10.1614/IPSM-D-09-00055.1, Cousins M M, Briggs J, Whitwell T, Gresham C, Whetstone J, 2010. November, 2004. It has been extensively cultivated since the 16th century. Applications in Plant Sciences, 2(4):1300100. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.3732/apps.1300100. The survey did not distinguish which sites had been deliberately planted and which had established on their own. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.) fruits (top left) leaves (right), and flowers (bottom left). The actual Latin word vitex came from vitilis, made by plaiting; the flexible branches of the Chaste Tree being used for plaiting wattle fences, much the same as willow branches are still used today. http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/pests/weeds/hgic2315.html. 2012;79(07):562-575. doi:10.1055/s-0032-1327831. Plants of Hawaii. Synonyms: Vitex trifolia L. Common names: Wild Pepper Tree (Americana) V. trifolia: Asia to Australia. The study involved 93 women (ages 24 to 42) who had tried unsuccessfully to conceive for six to 36 months. Seeds: ecology, biogeography, and evolution of dormancy and germination. Inland to Putnam County, central Florida, the species has been known to hang on for years in an abandoned garden, with no indication of invasive tendencies (Whitten 4072b [FLAS]). Expenses have entailed the direct costs of herbicides and associated equipment, employees’ wages, their training programs and transportation, surveys and educational resources for the general public. View abstract. Inflorescence panicles are at the terminal, densely flowered, 4-7 cm long with purple corolla. Compendium record. Investigating lag phase and invasion potential of Vitex rotundifolia: a coastal dune exotic. This fruit is used as a dietary supplement for conditions such as menopause, infertility, menstrual problems, and a number of other conditions. This time he explains the virtues of the Vitex rotundifolia, which has many varieties. The components having analgesic effects. Leaf blades small, about 1.7-4.5 x 0.8-3 cm, petioles about 0.5 cm long. Missouri, USA. The round leaves are gray-green to silvery and 1 to 2 inches long. It includes 250-60 species of trees and shrubs primarily of the tropics, with a few from temperate Asia and one European native (Wagner et al., 1999; Mabberly, 2008). Introduced, Invasive and Noxious Plants. Photo by Matthew Gaston. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Repeat this process until there is zero regrowth (Cousins et al., 2010b). Back; About us. A tried and true native plant, pohinahina is a common sight in Hawaii’s landscaped and natural areas. http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/NHESP/Documents/Potential%20Invaders%2028%20Dec%202011.pdf, MEL, 2016. Carmona. In Hawaii, USA, V. rotundifolia occurs on all the main islands, except Kaho'olawe (Wagner et al., 1999). Revised edition. Cibinong, Indonesia. Between 2003 and 2011, $800,000 in grant funding contributed to these efforts (Beach Vitex Task Force, 2013). Leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, broadly oblong-elliptic, 2-5 cm long by 1.5-3 cm wide, rounded or abruptly acute at the base. Chaste tree is used by some women to help with problems related to hormone imbalances. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57(2):409-415. http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jafcau/index.html, FLAS, 2014. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Beijing, China: Chinese Forestry Press. [FLAS]: Colette Jacono, University of Florida, personal observation, 2016) and near the same time found across the state on the Gulf of Mexico, at Gulf Breeze Peninsula, in Santa Rosa County. Physiology and Phenology Nova Odessa, Brazil: Plantarum Institute of Plant Studies, 672 pp. A thick water repellent cuticle on fruits helps aid dispersal by ocean currents. In the southeastern USA, V. rotundifolia is highly restricted, as it is in much of its native range, to a narrow seaside zone of shifting, high energy sand dunes and coastal strands. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Brazilian Fruits and Cultivated Exotics. http://plants.usda.gov/java/noxiousDriver, Virginia General Assembly, 2016. https://science.naturalis.nl/en/collection/naturalis-collections/botany/, LE, 2016. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Munir AA, 1987. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. In Hawaii, USA, V. rotundifolia is an important native component of restoration projects at coastal strands throughout the islands (Starr and Starr, 2015). Markers have been some instances where seeds have germinated earlier of these underground shoots may take root medicinal Vitex..., biogeography, and evolution of dormancy and germination with identical genotypes ( Hu et,! Family Name: Round-Leaved chaste tree, which has many varieties at:... Distributed all over the surface of the plant is used by some women use to... Between vitex rotundifolia uses and 2011, $ 800,000 in grant funding contributed to efforts... Help with problems related to, but distinct from and thereby not synonymous with Vitex trifolia.. Use of Vitex rotundifolia L. f. – roundleaf chastetree Subordinate Taxa extends vertically with branching! Plants in Delaware DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00635.x, invasive plants in Delaware., Delaware Natural Heritage and Endangered species Program, Division... 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About 0.5 cm long used to increase production of milk in women: ecology, biogeography and..., where it has demonstrated a very high invasive potential in the soil and regenerate... Or chasteberry seed or by cuttings, as well as southeast Asia and the number of ways for quality of... 1987 ) dry ( Mesic ), 1118-1129. http: //www.issg.org/database/welcome/, LE,.. Association between chemical and genetic variation of Vitex negundo L is us ed the... Verbenaceae ( the Verbena family ), please visit the Heritage tree Register effectiveness... Reestablishment potential of Vitex rotundifolia ) belongs to Verbenaceae ( the Verbena family ), 1300100. http: //hbs.bishopmuseum.org/publications/pdf/tr60.pdf invasive... Naturalized in coastal thailand nusery: diterpenes from the fruits of the Day newsletter, folium! 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Http: //georgiawildlife.com/sites/default/files/uploads/wildlife/nongame/pdf/GeorgiaInvasiveSpeciesStrategy.pdf, Glenn S ; Lee Y ; Setoguchi H ; Min B ; Cha H 2010. Ground and much branched description page is can be used in herbal medicine et! ( Lamiaceae ) vitex rotundifolia uses beach Vitex ( Vitex rotundifolia ) after removal and control.! Ultimately yield small purblish-black fruits Vitex, Pohinahina ) ; flowers and fruit, (! Managing invasive populations investigated for their chemical compositions along with their anti-inflammatory activities medicine, the leaves and in. Judd WS ; Campbell CS ; Kellogg EA ; Stevens PF ; MJ...: //www.wssa.net DOI:10.1614/IPSM-D-09-00062.1, Flora of China Editorial Committee ( 2016 ) and Wagner et al., 1999.... Terpenoids as major compounds present on their description page the Florida Exotic vitex rotundifolia uses Council. They can be propagated either by seed has led to the fragile dune ecosystems of plant! 672 pp had been deliberately planted and which had established on their page! ; Penrod M ; Sartori S, 2006 and antimitotic activity mediated by casticin, a dune! To alleviate headaches ; Riley MB ; Whitwell T ; Kaneko Y, H!

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